Doyel (Copsychus saularis) hidden from the sight in the Sunderbans for years is presently found in the human habitat areas surrounding the reserved forest. At least global warming and climatic change yield the least threats to this bird species of the Bengal basin. Most species of Doyel bird (magpie-robin) live in the tropical areas particularly in the Indian subcontinent. Doyel, the national bird of Bangladesh, flies usually great distances, they are not found in the areas of the Sunderbans, the lower part of the Bengal delta even a decade ago.
Doyels are garden and backyard favourites in India and Bangladesh. They are small and coloured with black and white feathers. Most species measure about 15-20 cm and weight ca 100 grams. Doyels primarily eat food grains, insect etc. These birds require plenty of food and have to eat often for maintaining their breathing rate, heartbeat and body temperature. They digest food very fast too. These Doyels are not killed for any commercial purposes or captured for showcasing inside the cage like other colourful bird species as the house-hold pets in the domestic arena. They never flock together and are generally less in number in comparison to the other bird species. They are found of late at random inside the human habitated zone like Pakhirala, Gosaba. Basanti, Canning, Sonakhali, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Sagar Island of the Sunderbans. Doyel is now befitted for the areas of the Sundcibans which is relatively declining and decreasing its salinity as a result of dilution of estuarine river waters for sea level rise due to climatic change. Further, increasing agricultural practices lead to the presence of more scattered grains which the Doyels need to feed in the areas of the Sunderbans. Doyel found in the Sunderbans may be considered as the bio-indicator for ihe changing scenario of the estuarine environment due to sea level rise, climatic change and global warming. Huge agricultural practices and plantation of orchard in the Sunderbans may accentuate the occurrence of Doyel along with the changing climatic situation.
Gautam Kumar Das,
Justice Delivery System
Chief Justice of India has been quite vocal on issue of non-appointment of judges in higher courts. Even though the issue is serious and could find a mention in Prime Minister's Independence Day speech, yet it was definitely not a right occasion for a person seated on highest post of judiciary to criticise publicly Independence Day speech of Prime Minister. No one from judiciary has so far commented on media-reports about judges having enjoyed a luxury-treat along with spouses recently at Bhopal in April 2016 with food served in silver utensils and costly gifts given at cost of public-exchequer.
Best administrator is one who can reform even in available resources. Main cause for slow justice is unholy culture of liberal adjournments and ex-party stay-orders. Several division-benches of Supreme Court have from time to time observed that many petitioners after taking ex-party stay do not care for disposal of cases which they even ultimately lose. If Chief Justice of India is really sincere for fast justice-delivery-system, he should ensure that courts may not grant liberal adjournments and ex-party stay-orders. Heavy and exemplary costs should be imposed on parties losing the case after seeking ex-party stay orders, as a deterrent against such unholy practice virtually ruining justice-delivery-system in India.
Chief Justice of India never spoke on justice-delivery-system where decisions can be tilted by engaging costly lawyers with affected commoners being the mute unrepresented sufferers. There are court-decisions where members of public murmur privately to be unjustified, but are voiceless to openly criticise in fear of contempt of court etc. System should be made so easy that ordinary citizens may be normally and ordinarily be able to contest court-cases even without lawyers.
Subhash Chandra Agrawal,
Vol. 49, No.8, Aug 28 - Sep 3, 2016