Young India
Too much politicalisation never supports to build a healthy and harmonious nation. It was reminded by Rabindranath Tagore in his essay, 'Nation'. At present, one sees a competition among different political parties for the ultimate chair of power and suthority. Do they really think about the nation and its people—prosperity and harmony? To meet their very desired goal of power and authority, they sow the seeds of disharmony with a cover of fake and false promise. They willfully facilitate and accelerate an environment of violence because they forget to bear their role and responsibility towards the nation. Practically, they are for their political party. Further, one party is not their absolute. They change their affiliation according to their self-need and demand.

It has been noted that 'human social environments encompass the immediate physical surroundings, social relationships, and cultural milieus within which defined groups of people function and interact'. 'Components of the social environment include built infrastructure; industrial and occupational structure; labour markets; social and economic processes; wealth; social, human, and health services; power relations; government; race relations; social inequality; cultural practices; the arts; religious institutions and practices and beliefs about place and community'. Therefore, 'social environments are dynamic and change over time as the result of both internal and external forces. There are relationships of dependency among the social environments of different local areas, because these areas are connected through larger regional, national, and international social and economic processes and power relations'.

Youth of India is variously in an adverse situation because of the problem of unemployment. The public sectors jobs are almost nothing and further public services are contractual. Government is more interested in privatisation of most important employment sectors. Now educated youth, even accessing high cost education from private institution are frustrated for not getting proper job placement.

Government publicises to its countrymen about foreign investment and industrial development. But it is not visible surprisingly.

An overall situation influences an environment to the youth if they join and act in favour of a political party, they could avail some benefits to lead their life. But ultimately, they enter into another world of depression and frustration when they become a vigilantic group of a political party.

In West Bengal, it is fact that there is no industry and no avenue of employment for the youth. Government of West Bengal only publicises and advertises with unreal information of employment. It is evidently time when the chief of the Government suggests to start up the business of oil fried (Tele bhaja). Government promotes festivals and dole to the voters when there is no sufficient collection of revenues. It promotes business of liquor for more, and more revenues and government recognises it as more profitable business through setting of new 5000 liquor shops in rural area. All public sectors (public undertaking) jobs are being under control of the party leaders. Getting a job would depend on a bribe and once act and involvement for the party. Due to government sponsorship to the local youth club, the youth has become the political animator or hooligans who would operate a vote and other acts for the party.

The rate of intoxication among youth is gradually increasing and they have to commit social and cultural nuisance. A culture of disrespect, indiscipline and violence is cultivated in the land of Bengal. Social environment of Bengal turns from its glory to ill-repute. But no political party and social activists think to revive it. Every political party tries to rule according to their own and general mass is afraid of unwanted consequences.
Harasankar Adhikari, Kolkata

Murder in Venezuela
Just days after the Saudi regime murdered Jamal Khashoggi, the Venezuelan regime of Nicolas Maduro murdered its own critic, Fernando Alban Salazar, in equally horrific fashion.

Alban, who lived in New York with his family, was seized by the regime's Bolivarian National Intelligence Service at the airport in Caracas and thrown from a tenth story window of secret police headquarters on October 8. As the Saudis did with Khashoggi, the authorities lied, in this case claiming Alban committed suicide while in custody.

Hundreds of protesters marched in Caracas with signs saying "We will not give up". Opposition and foreign politicians have demanded an investigation and justice for Alban.

Prosecutor General Tarek William Saab, who was once a poet, appeared on television to accuse his regime's victim of "necrophilia" and "irreligion". Thus does oppression degrade its parctitioners.
GE, Chicago

Vol. 51, No.28, Jan 13 - 19, 2019