Where is Fair Treatment?
After independence India's democratic government frames and enacts the constitution of the country to safeguard the interests of its residents, rather citizens because till date Indians have no citizenship documents (PAN, AADHAAR &. Voter ID are not) regardless of their race and castes. The government also takes the oath to honour and work as per the guidelines of the Constitution. This constitution speaks for equality of opportunity, rights and justice. The people of India observe the Republic Day honouring the value and importance of the constitution. But after seven decades of enactment of the Constitution, poor are ill-fortunate and victims of unexpected evils. There is hardly any system of 'fair treatment' for poor or disadvantaged. How long the poor should look for or is there any possibility of 'fair treatment' for them?

Indian voters are just waiting to cast their votes for formation of 17lh Parliament. Every political party in this democratic arena has started their campaign to turn people's heads with different reinforcements / opportunities. It aims to encash captive votes. Every party promises for a better living in exchange for their rights. Recent declaration of the Indian National Congress is very significant so far as 'fair treatment' in democracy is concerned. It declares that it would start a Minimum Income Guarantee for every poor person, to help eradicate poverty and hunger, if voted to power in the upcoming general election. It also claims that there will be no hungry, poor people in India. Is it not a bluff? Why this party did not meet this problem earlier when it was in the rule for long time. Is it just an echo of MNREGA which only assures for 100 days work guarantee? And what would the poor do and eat for the rest 265 days?

On the other part, the ruling government publicises about successes of different schemes. It never claims for its failure. Or it never expresses sorry for pushing people into paramount wrong decision.

The democratic government and its political parties do not think for fair treatment of people. This political system always separates the people as poor and rich. These political parties should rethink about fair treatment for the poor for equity and justice as directed by the Constitution.
Harasankar Adhikari, Kolkata

Budget and Unemployed Youth
India's biggest crisis of development is the over joblessness or rising unemployment (particularly among educated youth). It has become a major embarrassment for the government. In 2014, Mr Narendra Modi promised to create 2 crore jobs every year. But unfortunately, statistics from the Labour Bureau stated the job creation for 2015 and 2016 (April-December) stood at 1.55 lakh and 1.31 lakh in numbers, respectively. Other reports mentioned that around 11 million people lost their jobs in 2018 and rate of unemployment was 6.1 percent in FY 18 compared with 2.2 percent in FY-12.

So, there is a hope and expectation that the interim budget 2019 would take some budgetary steps to tackle the issue of unemployment (particularly for the educated unemployed youth). The issue of job creation was left silent. Only some words had been uttered regarding job creation in the aviation, railways and removables and it would be expected more in future due to the digitisation of the infrastructure. This was vague because of absence of confirmed statistics. There was no strategically a pathway to make it in real sense.

The government is in nervousness on the issue of job creation because the government expresses happiness to it due to rising of domestic passenger traffic which is an effect of increased migration within the states. It demanded that it had been created jobs. Secondly, the fate of unemployed youth is linked with the speed, service and safety of the Vande Bharat Express because government thinks engineers and developed technology would promote the 'Make in India' programme which is a supplement and complement of job creation.

The government launched the Skill Indian initiative with PMKVY in the 2015 aimed to make youth skilled which would be the right strategy to tackle the issue of unemployment. But there was any success reports and statistic in this budget. It was also a failed strategy. The statistic shows that the numbers of the unemployed has increase from 3.7% in 2015 to (3.9%) in 2016 (according to Business Standard report).

The interim budget did not expense a single word about the future of the employment in public sectors jobs. Therefore, there is no opening for the growing vibrant population who would lead future progress and development of the country. It would positively spread depression and anxiety among unemployed. They would be obviously trapped by different political parties for abuse of this vast resource. The culture of crime and criminal acts would be ultimately entrenched in Indian society.
Harasankar Adhikari, Kolkata

Vol. 51, No.35, Mar 3 - 9, 2019