Looking Back to Modi's Victory
There are two curses in Indian democracy. Racial and caste differences / divisions and differences between rich and poor are these two culprits. These two pains were / are / shall be remained perhaps as far as possible this civilisation would exist. These are main game changers in power politics in Indian democracy so far as poll battle is concerned. India's political parties usually use these two for mainly and ultimately its political gain. It nurtures and cares these two for its longstanding existence in the Nation because of political gain and it is also the main poll driving forces. Racial differences stand to provide benefits to the particular group as per the vested interest of the particular political party(ies) and instigate to hate, division and conflict to others while the elected representatives take oath to protect and safe guard the secular interest of the Nation. Further, the constitution directs to take special attention for especially religious minority. But howlong would it run?

Second pain is long-lasting and increasing economic differences among the residents of India. It is not very crucial only considering the face and fate of a nation rather it is a very expected deal for the political parties. These parties never sincerely want to narrow the gap between rich and poor because poor is as blessing to gain power. If poor only gets some relief, they would vote happily with the future hope of getting more relief.

These are two very general issues of election campaign every time. In the 17thpoll Modi as well as BJP led NDA cleverly used these two for his more than magic number of majority. Even opponents of Modi had been used as weapon to pain politically in this poll. But it did not work even after various promises.

Beside these two, opponents of Modi made strong his hands variously. Unity of the opponents failed to earn voters' faith truly how their unity was really stronger. Secondly, corruption charges under trial against opponents divided and made negative doubts among voters. Thirdly, there was no one strong and only one opponent leader to compete Modi. INC is deeply in leadership crisis. It had totally failed to raise its historical importance in Indian democracy. So, the voters did their judgment towards a stable government for the full tenure.

Further, Modi had been succeeded to establish anti-Pakistan issue which might be the genetically sentiment to the majority of India.

Unfortunately, it would never change in the future because it runs viciously from the very beginning of its independence.
Harasankar Adhikari, Kolkata

USA's Assessment of Modi Government
The BJP's national media head Anil Baluni is reported to have said that "Mr. Modi and other BJP leaders have deplored violence against minorities and weaker sections." Does he imagine that the USA does not know of Modi's silent encouragement of such violence and of the fact that important functionaries of the BJP have actually honoured some of the villains who perpetrated it? The USA will certainly recognise Mr. Baluni's statement as baloney.
Mukul Dube, Delhi

India is an 'Ethnic Democracy'
India has lived up to the name Hindustan, an Israel for beleaguered Hindus who are captive to their own emotional frenzy vis-a-vis others in their own captive country. This electoral democracy is functional even at the grassroots level for Hindus. India is an ethnic democracy, the academic Gilles Verniers has been chanting from his academic ivory tower for many years.   "Ethnic democracy is a political system that combines a structured ethnic dominance with democratic, political and civil rights for all."  The term "ethnic democracy" was introduced by Professor Juan José Linz of Yale University in 1975.
Soumyabrata Guhathakurta,

Report-Card for Modi
A report published on 21 June by an organization sponsored by the US foreign ministry on the rampant human rights violations in the name of cow protection, and the Government of India's reactions to it, are intriguing. The claim by the latter about the protection of India's diversity and plurality by the Modi government is patently false, but the question is why the US Foreign ministry should decry abuses of human rights in India especially when Narendra Modi has proved himself to be loyal to the US administration.  It is perhaps the instability generated by cow vigilantism, war hysteria and other similar phenomena that has worried the US because India's internal instability is not at all helpful to US investment in India. So, the slogan 'Make in India' does not seem to accord well with Modi's Hindutva. What remains in store for this slogan remains to be seen.
Amit Bandopadhyay, Kolkata

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Vol. 52, No. 2, Jul 14 - 20, 2019